A Guide to Improvisation, by Katie Lubiens
Improvising? That sounds scary! Making up the music as you go? But where’s the sheet music? Who even improvises anyway?
As a classical violinist, these were all questions I asked myself when confronted with the thought of improvising. I never was taught to improvise. As classical musicians, we always have our sheet music to guide us, to show us the direction we should go. Going forward into the musical realm without sheet music seems like going on a roadtrip without a map. Where do I go?
Surprisingly, I’ve discovered, improving is all around us as musicians. Even classical musicians improvise, too! There are so many musical genres to experiment with which do teach you to improvise and foster those creative juices that make new music happen. From blues jams to Irish sessiuns, from jazz club improvs to bluegrass jam outs, there are endless outlets for practicing improvisation. Without sheet music, how do we know what to play? Especially when improvising with other musicians.
Here are a few pointers when learning to improvise:
- The most important thing to know is what key you are playing in. It can sound great when everyone is playing something completely different, but they must be playing their own unique parts in the same key for it to work.
- Think of the scale, then play itterations of the scale. I like to play the scale aloud before trying any kind of improvising so I really get the notes in my ear and fingers. Then try playing the scale up and down, jumping around with different arpeggios, and always keeping the tonic, dominant and 7th in mind.
- Take turns. Most improv music works best when everyone takes turns being the melody. When it’s not your turn at the melody be sure to keep the energy up. Long notes mixed with off beat rhythms are easy on the tonic or dominant.
- Practice some cool licks at home. Most improv artists aren’t actually making it up as they go. Usually, they have practiced some licks which they made up at home and can transcribe them into any key to play while performing in an improvising scenario.
- Perfection is not the point. Improvising teaches you to be adaptable. Adapting to your current musical situation makes you a stronger player and shows you that the imperfections are what make improvising so thrilling.
- Don’t be afraid! Although you can feel put on the spot while improvising, recognize that everyone else recognizes that you are improvising. It is not meant to be perfect. Once you get used to improvising, you will begin to feel the powerful energy in making up music with your peers as you go.
Like anything, improvising gets better the more you do it. I promise you, if you try you, will find that creating your own music with others in the moment is one of the best adventures you can embark upon. The moment when you close your eyes and listen to yourself creating music together, making it up as you go, and you hear that it sounds beautiful and harmonious, you will find pride in yourself like never before. So, go ahead, make up the directions to your next adventure and forget the map at home!
**Check back soon for more in depth imrpovising tools and tips!